Douglas Crawford

Douglas Crawford

diciembre 30, 2017

Si te preocupa incluso ligeramente la privacidad, deberías usar Linux en lugar de un sistema operativo de escritorio comercial, como Microsoft Windows o Apple OS X. Linux viene en varios sabores (conocidos como “distros”), pero casi todos ellos son software libre y de código abierto (FOSS). ¡Por supuesto, si usas Linux, es esencial que te protejas con una buena VPN para Linux!

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PrivateVPN review »
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9.8

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2
AirVPN review »
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9.6

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3
Mullvad review »
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8.4

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4
ExpressVPN review »
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8.0

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Special Offer: 49% off today!
5
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7.8

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CyberGhost review »

Las distribuciones de Linux suelen ser mucho más seguras que sus rivales comerciales. Y a diferencia de ellos, no envían resmas de datos personales de vuelta a sus empresas matrices. Esto hace de Linux un sistema operativo ideal para el usuario consciente de seguridad o privacidad (¡que ya que estás leyendo este artículo en un sitio web VPN, estoy seguro que te incluye a ti!).

Linux se utiliza como el SO principal en solamente un número relativamente pequeño de computadoras de escritorio, aunque es el OS más popular usado para servidores. Afortunadamente, debido a que Linux es favorecido por exactamente el tipo de jefes de privacidad que utilizan VPN, el sistema operativo está bastante bien apoyado por los proveedores de VPN.

En muchos casos, este soporte simplemente viene en forma de un buen soporte de configuración para el cliente genérico de código abierto Linux. Pero algunos proveedores ofrecen su propio software de Linux personalizado (o algo intermedio)…

9.8/10.0

PrivateVPN Homepage
PROS:
  • Loved by consumers
  • Super fast for streaming
  • Zero logs
  • Fully featured for security and privacy
  • Fantastic customer care
CONS:
  • Not much

PrivateVPN is an amazing service from Sweden that users praise regularly. It is a superb service that has a setup guide for Linux users on its website. It is fast, efficient, easy to use, and extremely reliable. It also provides lightning fast speeds for streaming in HD. PrivateVPN is a pleasure to use and has all the important security features you might need. It also has servers in over 50 countries.

Encryption is military grade OpenVPN and this VPN keeps zero logs. Amazingly, this fantastic VPN is also super cheap. Why not try the 30-day money-back guarantee to see why this VPN is proving so popular?

Get the Best VPN for Linux now!

Visita PrivateVPN »Seven-day free trial

9.6/10.0

AirVPN Homepage
PROS:
  • Linux client (full GUI) with DNS leak protection and kill switch
  • No logs (at all)
  • VPN through Tor
  • Accepts Bitcoin
  • P2P: yes
CONS:
  • Techiness puts people off
  • Customer support could be better
  • Limited number of servers worldwide

Thanks to its tech-heavy focus and lack of customer service skills, AirVPN is not necessarily for everyone. This is a bit of a shame, as not only does AirVPN really care about its customers’ privacy, but it is the clear market leader when it comes to privacy technology. Its open source GUI Linux client (“Eddie”) is identical to the Windows and OSX versions.

This means that users benefit from a firewall-based kill switch and DNS leak protection, port selection, and more. In addition, AirVPN uses very strong encryption, permits VPN obfuscation using SSH and SSL tunneling, supports anonymous Linux VPN use via VPN through Tor, and allows port forwarding.

Additional features: Real-time user and server statistics, VPN through SSL and SSH tunnels, 3-day free trial, 3 simultaneous connections.

8.4/10.0

Mullvad Homepage
PROS:
  • Linux client (full GUI) with internet kill switch, DNS leak protection & IPv6 routing
  • No logs (at all)
  • Accepts Bitcoin and cash
  • Three simultaneous connections
  • Three-hour free trial
CONS:
  • Average performance
  • Limited number of servers

Like AirVPN, this small Swedish provider really cares about its users’ privacy. It even accepts anonymous cash payments sent by post! It also provides Linux users with a full version of its GUI desktop client. This protects Linux VPN connections with a firewall based kill switch and DNS leak protection, and allows port forwarding. In fact, the Mullvad client is the only VPN software I am aware of properly route IPv6 DNS requests (even AirVPN only disables IPv6).

It hardly needs saying that Mullvad keeps no logs at all, and it now uses strong encryption. The main drawback, however, is that Mullvad runs servers in only a very limited number locations in Europe and the US (with no UK server).

Additional features: Port forwarding.

8.0/10.0

ExpressVPN Homepage
PROS:
  • Special Offer: 49% off today!
  • Linux client (command line)
  • No usage logs
  • 30-day money back guarantee
  • Three simultaneous connections
  • Servers in 78 countries
CONS:
  • A bit pricey – but worth it!

ExpressVPN is a popular VPN service thanks to great 24/7 customer service, easy-to-use software, and a 30-day no quibbles money back guarantee that actually does what it promises. It also offers server end-points in an impressive 87 different countries.

Linux users are not as well catered for as users of other Operating Systems, but ExpressVPN does at least provide a basic custom Linux VPN client. It is Terminal command-line only, but works well, and is simple enough to use. The Ubuntu 64-bit version works just fine for my Mint.

Update: The ExpressVPN Linux client now features DNS leak protection.

Additional features: “Stealth” servers in Hong Kong, free SmartDNS, DNS leak protection.

7.8/10.0

CyberGhost Homepage
PROS:
  • Special Offer: 77% off 2-year plans!
  • Keeps no usage logs
  • Very fast
  • Five simultaneous connections
  • 30-day money-back refund
CONS:
  • Keeps some connection logs

CyberGhost rounds up our list of the best VPNs for Linux. CyberGhost is a popular Romanian provider known for its stylish provider and intuitive use. Just because it’s easy to use doesn’t mean that it’s any less secure – it boasts excellent security features such as military-grade encryption, a kill switch, and perfect forward secrecy.

Other attractive features of CyberGhost include its five simultaneous connections, fast speeds, and allowing P2P. What’s more, you can experience all these and more for yourself by taking advantage of the provider’s 30-day money-back guarantee.

VPN para distribuciones de Linux Consideraciones

Hay un número ridículamente grande de distribuciones de Linux por ahí, abasteciendo a menudo requisitos muy especializados. Distribuciones de Linux seguras como Tails son un buen ejemplo de esto, pero su fuerte enfoque en la seguridad los hace demasiado especializados para un uso cotidiano como un sistema operativo de “reemplazo de Windows”.

Aunque se hicieron algunos compromisos, las versiones de Linux populares, tales como Linux Ubuntu y Linux Mint siguen siendo mucho más seguras que Windows, y no llaman a casa.

AirVPN in Linux

El cliente de AirVPN para Linux (“Eddie”) es idéntico a sus hermanos de Windows y OS X

Probablemente vale la pena señalar aquí que Ubuntu causó una cantidad justa de alarma entre activistas de la privacidad gracias  a una serie de “características” que filtraban los datos de los usuarios a anunciantes terceros, sobre todo a Amazon. Afortunadamente, estas “características” de adware se han desactivado por defecto desde Ubuntu 16.04 LTS en adelante.

Clientes VPN personalizados para Linux

Si has leído los resúmenes de las VPN anteriores, es probable que hayas notado que solo AirVPN y Mullvad (edición: y PIA) ofrecen software VPN completamente personalizado para sistemas Linux. En ambos casos, estos clientes son de código abierto, y por alguna co-incidencia no muy sorprendente, AirVPN y Mullvad son también dos de mis servicios VPN favoritos.

En el momento de escribir esto, estos son los únicos proveedores de VPN que conozco que ofrecen este tipo de software. Puede que otros existan, pero si es así, no han llamado mi atención como proveedores de grandes servicios VPN para Linux.

Mullvad Linux 2

La ventaja de utilizar el software VPN Linux personalizado es que proporciona a los usuarios valiosas funciones avanzadas como la  protección contra fugas de DNS y un interruptor de emergencia

ExpressVPN 2

El cliente de línea de comandos de ExpressVPN es un asunto mucho más simple.

El cliente de código abierto OpenVPN

El paquete OpenVPN de código abierto para Linux de OpenVPN Technologies es una buena pieza de software, y funciona muy bien. La mayoría de los proveedores de VPN no soportan Linux con clientes VPN personalizados, pero muchos proporcionan guías detalladas de configuración para configurar el cliente OpenVPN Linux genérico para su servicio.

La mayoría de estas guías están dirigidas específicamente a los usuarios de Ubuntu/Debian, pero suponiendo que estés familiarizado con el uso de tu marca favorita de Linux, no deberías tener mucha dificultad para que las cosas funcionen correctamente en otras distribuciones.

Vale la pena señalar que incluso cuando un proveedor no proporciona nada de soporte para Linux, sus archivos de configuración OpenVPN casi con seguridad se pueden usar con el cliente OpenVPN Linux de código abierto. Esto significa que deberías poder usar cualquier servicio VPN que soporte OpenVPN (casi todos ellos) con tu sistema Linux.

La desventaja de usar el cliente genérico con esto es que no te beneficias de características avanzadas tales como protección contra fugas de DNS y un interruptor de emergencia, que se pueden encontrar a menudo en software personalizado. La buena noticia es que aquellos familiarziados con iptables no deberían tener ningún problema al crear sus propias reglas de cortafuegos para garantizar que no se permitan conexiones fuera de la VPN.

VPN dentro de una máquina virtual Linux

Además de actuar como un SO de escritorio de reemplazo, el sistema operativo Linux funciona muy bien cuando se ejecuta dentro de una máquina virtual (VM) como Oracle VM VirtualBox. Esto puede ayudar a proteger su sistema operativo “real” contra virus y cosas similares detectados en Internet. También puede ayudar a frustrar toma de huellas dactilares Y otras formas de seguimiento en línea, ya que simplemente puedes apagar la máquina virtual (y por lo tanto, restablecer todo el sistema operativo de vuelta a su configuración predeterminada) al final de una sesión.

Con referencia a las VPN, ejecutar una VPN Linux dentro de una Máquina Virtual Linux puede ser útil para dos cosas:

  1. Tunelización dividida falsa

Puedes ejecutar una VPN Linux dentro de la VM, pero no en tu sistema operativo principal. Esto te permite usar su sistema operativo principal para visitar sitios web en los que no deseas ocultar tu IP real. Pero para sitios web en que deseas ocultar tu IP (o protegerte, como cuando haces P2P torrenting), utilizas la máquina virtual.

Esta configuración te permite acceder fácilmente a los servicios que se niegan a seguirle el juego a los usuarios de VPN, por ejemplo, si eres residente de EE.UU. y deseas acceder al Netflix de Estados Unidos. También es genial para aquellos que están preocupados de que su identificación real se asocie con su cuenta VPN cuando utilizan servicios como Google y Facebook.

  1. VPN de doble salto

Puedes conectarte a una VPN Linux dentro de la Máquina Virtual y a una VPN en tu sistema operativo principal. Esto se puede hacer con servicios completamente diferentes de VPN y puede ayudar a ofuscar tu “rastro” de VPN, pues un adversario necesitaría trazarte con 2 (o más)* servidores y/o servicios separados de VPN.

Personalmente, estoy un poco dudoso sobre el valor de hacer esto, por razones descritas en mi guía de encadenamiento de servidores VPN (o “VPN doble”). Sin embargo, hay otras opiniones disponibles.

Chaining VPN servers

Aquí podemos ver la VPN de doble salto en acción usando Linux VM

* En teoría, puedes ejecutar varias máquinas virtuales anidadas dentro de otras VM para lograr una configuración VPN de varios saltos. En la práctica, nunca he conseguido que una VM funcione dentro de otra VM.

Ten en cuenta que si te conectas a una VPN utilizando tu sistema operativo principal, pero no utilizas una VPN dentro de la máquina virtual, tu conexión a Internet se redireccionará a través de la VPN. Esto significa que al navegar dentro de la máquina virtual de Linux, tu dirección IP será la del servidor VPN al que está conectado tu sistema operativo principal.

Conclusión

Si quieres la experiencia completa de la GUI VPN en Linux, entonces AirVPN y Mullvad son prácticamente tus únicas buenas opciones de VPN de Linux. Esto no es un problema, sin embargo, ¡ya que estos son ambos muy buenos servicios! Sin embargo, los usuarios de otros servicios VPN no deben preocuparse demasiado, ya que el cliente de código abierto OpenVPN Linux VPN funciona muy bien.

Si realmente quieres campanas y silbidos como la protección contra fugas de DNS y un interruptor de emergencia basado en firewall, entonces esto se puede hacer usando iptables. ¡Como usuario de Linux, estoy seguro de que no eres un extraño a enrollar las mangas y trabajar para que las cosas funcionen como a ti te gusta!

Las mejores VPN para Linux Resumen

Rango Empressa Puntuación Precio Enlazar
1
PrivateVPN review
$2.73 / mes Visita el sitio
2
AirVPN review
$4.82 / mes Visita el sitio
3
Mullvad review
$5.50 / mes Visita el sitio
4
ExpressVPN review
$6.67 / mes Visita el sitio
Special Deal: Save 49% Today!
5
CyberGhost review
$2.75 / mes Visita el sitio
Douglas Crawford
April 10th, 2018

I am a freelance writer, technology enthusiast, and lover of life who enjoys spinning words and sharing knowledge for a living. You can now follow me on Twitter - @douglasjcrawf.

20 respuestas a “Los 5 mejores servicios VPN de Linux para 2018

  1. JorkanoFaln dice:

    Hi,
    You forgot about perfect privacy vpn in your review this vpn has a linux GUI client and complies with privacytools.io criteria. I don’t understand why NordVPN is the second best VPN for Linux, if the latter doesn’t even have a client for Linux. The VPN services, I know have a Linux client are: Perfect-Privacy (GUI), Mullvad (GUI), AirVPN (GUI), Private Internet Access (GUI) as well as Expressvpn (CLI). Could you also write an article on the best VPNs for hackers (white hat) and tech professionals?

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi JorkanoFaln,

      Yeah. I have raised this point with our team before. Our 5 Best lists are a group decision, and the team decided the overall advantages of NordVPN and CyberGhost outweighed the fact that they don’t have dedicated Linux clients. Pefect Privacy and PIA are both good VPN services, however, so I will raise the issue again.

  2. dave dice:

    nice review

  3. iytty dice:

    torguard

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi jose,

      Indeed. As already noted, this list is not intended to be exclusive.

  4. Count dice:

    Hi Douglas,

    I was wondering would you be open to increasing the number in the definition of best because to be quite honest I think you’re being extremely unfair to some other VPN Service Providers that are just as as good if not better and most certainly work just as hard as the others into devlivery a brillaint client for their current customers and to newcomers that are looking for a proprietery Linux client that offer similar if not exactly the same functionality and security overall in contrast to their client on other OS’s.

    Further more, I think if you were to at least restrict it a top 9 or 14 it would make sense though you may still be unfair to a some toher but it would be understanding in terms of the effort you put into research and the actually credibilty behind the term, ‘best’. I say this because having got some brillaint suggestions for you related to your website, I was further surprised you didn’t come across Proxy.sh as one to list in this page and other pages and wish you’d include it in your list if you take one of my suggestions by increasing the number of ‘best’ providers.

    I wish to enagage in further discussions with you relating to this and similar things as well as particular project, you may be interested in.

    I’ll look foward to your reply.

    Regards

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi Count,

      We have restrictive out lists to “5 Best” because we feel that most visitors will bet bored reading through even longer lists. Of course such lists are not exclusive, and there are many other fine providers out there. We have a Proxy.sh Review, but it is, admittedly, very old and badly in need of updating.

  5. enrique dice:

    proprietary software & hardware “component” = gps activation/module ?

    Do not let’s forget that the industry answers to the request of their clients & customers and if the gps is often a hardware feature or an electronic component it could be also a function, some lines of codes, a micro_module inserted/embedded inside the gpu:cpu (topics about that were posted long years ago but seem to have been erased since from the web) and , even if a commercial project makes money with a proprietary software ; it can be run using free soft/gratis.

    ^ blue-tooth are often (if not always) gps embedded and a chipset-processor function / built-in Global Positioning System.
    ^ Phones with Qualcomm X12 modems use Qualcomm transceiver chips, and those using the Intel XMM 7360 use Intel’s transceivers.
    ^ Quad-band GSM/GPRS module with embedded Bluetooth module and embedded cell tower locator.

    – Dell latitude 10 : integrated Broadcom GNSS Receiver BCM47511 (GPS,Glonass…).
    driver from Lenovo (which makes Broadcom GNSS work properly)
    – Rugged Extreme laptops
    – Dell Latitude E6500

    + http://www.curiousmentality.co.uk/2009/06/using-the-dell-latitude-e6400-built-in-gps/
    + https://www-ssl.intel.com/content/www/us/en/mobile/modem-solutions.html
    + http://forums.appleinsider.com/discussion/194666/low-end-intel-kaby-lake-processors-detailed-macbook-pro-version-absent
    [Intel can build both Apple’s processors in it’s 10nm fab. Intel can also help build integrated A-processor CPU/GPU/Wifi/LTE.BT/GPS/etc on single chip like this news — Samsung launches first Exynos chip with all radios built in( to handle LTE, FM, Bluetooth, WiFi and GPS.]

    *uninstall telnet
    *replace their dns by your dns
    *read vpn-reviews

    # i wonder why the vpn provider have missed the target of the sub-note (10°) and why you have not test their hardware performance/security/privacy : ikit(in the palm of a hand) : storex(in a pocket) : asus/hp(in a bag) … seem to be a quick & discreet way to be connected through vpn.
    # i should wish they improve their product with a good network card and a safe cpu (i do not like the wifi:blue-tooth).

  6. malik dice:

    > Perhaps
    Depending on the brand & the serie & the country where your computer/laptop/subnote is coming from … some vulnerabilities/feature_malware/backdoor_system management/hijacking_bios/rootkit/gps embedded could be an option and enabled or could be slept as a ‘suspend’ service.)
    # the price includes all the improvement.

    ibm (Thinkpad) & dell (Latitude) are famous for their bizare configuration …
    #are there ingeniors working in their team ?

    A lot of clones are strange (quality/price are good) – (acer/hp/iKit/storex)
    # who have reviewed it with privacy in mind ?

    Is coreduo a danger ?
    # no, it is not but a lot of misinformation & brain washing -propaganda- are confusing the user and it is not fair. The user wants to be independant/autonomous owner of his tool.

    https://security.stackexchange.com/questions/50907/are-there-gps-tracker-for-laptops
    https://stackoverflow.com/questions/15702355/what-is-the-difference-between-the-firmware-and-the-operating-system

    Some laptops and netbooks are GPS-enabled and provide navigational information while on the go.
    gps-backdoor/remote coontrol :
    -rtc & gps & WebRTC
    -firmware & battery
    -anti-theft/Data Protection
    -builtin GPS in a mini-pci card + SIM
    -A full array of wireless communications options come built in: 802.11n Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, WWAN, and even GPS (2008)
    -Trusted Platform Module
    -Internal GPS fitted to Tablets and laptops.
    Computer peripheral devices :
    Devices connecting to the computer via USB, Bluetooth or expansion slots (sd card/card reader e.g.) allow the computer to utilize the GPS system.

    *wake on lan must be turned off , the browser must be tweaked a little , you must also -if you are paranoid- unplug your internet cable from your computer when it is not in use.

    *sparsky vs ubuntu ? both are built from unstable debian version and both are fun, user friendly, etc.
    unstable means untrust.

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi malik,

      Re. GPS. I am not disputing that it exists in some laptops, but (as I understand it) this is an additional hardware module, not part of the Intel processor. I would also think that to work it would require propriety software – something that would be removed if you install a Linux distro instead of the software the laptop ships with.

  7. aka_meli dice:

    some mistakes :
    * https://www.anonymousvpn.eu/ is not https://www.anonymousvpn.org/
    * Actually there are vulnerability in all Intel CPUs (skylab backdoor + IME + joint-venture + gps)
    * Actually there are vulnerability in all ubuntu version (ubuntu 16.04 backdoor + policy of the o.s/soft)
    * Ubuntu is shunned for spying (free software foundation). The latest stable release is Ubuntu (GNOME_3.20) 16.10 _ many apps have been updated to their GNOME 3.22 versions.
    * unity was one of the ubuntu backdoor known like ime is one of the intel backdoor known ; another “bugs” are present and hidden by the discover of unity/ime.
    * Tor has a blog where the comments are censored and where the posts are rarely opened for discusion – tweet mode –

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi aka_meli,

      – My mistake. I am not aware of https://www.anonymousvpn.eu/.
      – As already noted, I am fully aware of the IME backdoor in all Intel chips more recent than 2006. I am not, however, aware of the other vulnerabilities you mention, and a quick search is not helping me. Perhaps you could explain (although I’m prettey sure that at least most Intel chips do not contain a GPS component)?
      – Ubuntu was widely shunned because of a feature of the Unity desktop environment called Dash, a unified search bar that allows users to search for apps, documents, music, and other data locally, as well as to perform searches on the internet. Thing is, though, that in its desire to monetize what is a free OS, developer Canonical Lmt., has struck a deal with the devil Amazon. All search queries are also sent to Amazon, and you will then be shown ads for Amazon products relating to your search terms! Even worse, these highly intrusive ads load in a very insecure way that can allow hackers to spy searches.

      This “feature” could be disabled, but if Ubuntu has switched to the Gnome desktop (something I was not aware of), this should no longer be an issue.

  8. alikerom dice:

    > “vpn is an option with tor.”
    > ubuntu must be avoided
    2017/january/
    – Ubuntu : avoided / backdoor inside the O.S and the new intel ship contains also one (cf : richard stallman conference)
    – Ubuntu & derivative are user-friendly & fun but not at all designed with security/anonimity/privacy in mind.
    – {tor + vpn} are options in serious discussions in different place/time : advantages vs cons.
    _+ In fact you must try & test and depending on your location, your usage, your habits and your vpn , the option 1° can be better than the option 2° but it is not supported by all vpn provider : Tor + vpn is rare ; most of users take the option 2° : vpn + Tor.
    note : Tor team recommend using TorBundle without vpn ; these options add a layer but it is not proven that it could be better without
    _+ Available does not never mean “updated” or “solid & validated by expert” – it is never the case :
    (e.g : https://www.anonymousvpn.eu/ = bad _ except maybe for usa guys living in the same state of the vpn provider/relays but who will trust an obscure service as anonimity/security tool again ?)).
    (e.g : tor in the depo = bad _ always download tor at the official site and check it with its official pgpkey.)

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi alikerom,

      – The main privacy worried in Ubuntu Unity can now be disabled. A more nuclear option is to replace the Unity desktop entirely. GNOME 3 (Ubuntu GNOME 15.10 is now available,) KDE, or Cinnamon are all good options.. For more information on this please see here.
      – The IME “backdoor” in all newer Intel chips is almost impossible to avoid (and all major alternative platforms have a similar issue). Please see this article for more details.
      – Please see 5 Best VPNs when using Tor for discussion o the pros and cons of using VPN through Tor and Tor through VPN.
      – This is true, but the very fact Open source / Source available code can be interdependently audited is the best protection we have.
      – Our reviewer (no longer with us) gave AnonymousVPN a real kicking in his review.

  9. GoodSurf dice:

    – ubuntu is user-friendly but like said kalimero must be avoided for two important risks :
    1- it contains some backdoor
    2- it is built on the testing (unstable) version of debian

    – Using tor , a vpn is an option and that because tor needs to be run by all the users in the same way_configuration = without vpn , tor alone.

    – tor + vpn or vpn + tor is better according on my point of view but choose carefully the vpn provider.

  10. Nigel H dice:

    I have PIA on Mint with the same GUI that as the Windows application.

    You can download it from the PIA site…

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi Nigel,

      So… I downloaded the PIA Linux/Ubuntu software again (using Mint), and it does indeed have the same GUI as the Windows application. I don’t know whether this is new, or is something somehow I missed when writing this article, but it does mean that when I next update this piece I will rank PIA higher than its current position. Thanks for bringing this to my attention. I have made a couple of edits in order to include this information.

  11. kalimero dice:

    vpn is an option with tor but ubuntu must be avoided.

    1. Douglas Crawford dice:

      Hi kalimero,

      I’m afraid that I don’t really understand what you mean by “vpn is an option with tor.” It is certainly possible to use VPN and Tor together. Ubuntu did come bundled with adware/malware, but this has been made opt-in, so is much less of a concern.

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